9 Point Agreement

It is not for nothing that many cynically questioned whether this was “another agreement”. The first agreement in the history of Naga dates back to India`s independence. On June 27, 1947, the Dominion Indian government and the Naga National Council (NNC) founded the previous year to defend political sovereignty and signed a nine-point agreement. The agreement was that the Naga Hills would exist under India for a period of 10 years, under which the NNC could renew the agreement. July 1960: Sixteen-Point Agreement with the Naga People`s Convention The 10-year clause was considered by the NNC to be the absolute right to declare independence after 10 years, but the Nagas soon realized that it was an exercise in Legerdemain. The Hydari Agreement, as we have seen, was announced, named after Akbar Hydari, governor of Assam, was considered by Nagas to be the first act of treason. There were differences in the wording of the agreement, which was maintained by both parties. The leader of the NNC, Angami Zapu Phizo, understood that the Indians had no intention of honouring them, and on 14 August 1947 Nagas declared independence from the British. (a) because of the Naga system, which does not decide by majority, but only by a general agreement, and whether the framework agreement will be concluded or whether the Nagas will be betrayed again, it remains to be seen. But what is certain is that the Nagas, even if their society is now broken and waxed, will never cease to say “kuknalim” (the honor of our country). 3. The Governor of Nagaland: a) The Indian President appoints a governor for Nagaland, who will be delegated the executive powers of the Nagaland government. It will be based in Nagaland.

The Shillong Agreement was rejected as a “sell-off” by Swu, Muivah and SS Khaplang, who formed the National Socialist Council of Nagaland in 1980. The first two disintegrated with the latter in 1988, when Khaplang went wild and killed more than 200 of the former man`s men. The truth about the discord remains uncertain, but there were reasonable reasons to believe that serious differences of opinion had emerged about the talks with India. Each accused the other of working hand in hand with the Indian government. The seeds of mistrust, many still believe, have been sown by the Indian government. Almost at the same time as resistance. On 29 June 1947, the governor of Assam, Sir Akbar Hyderi, signed a nine-point agreement with the moderates T Sakhrie and Aliba Imti, which was almost immediately rejected by Phizo. The Naga Hills, a district of Assam, were reclassified in 1963 as a federal state, also adding the Tuensang Tract, which was then part of NEFA. In April of the following year, Jai Prakash Narain, assam Chief Minister Bimala Prasad Chaliha and Rev. Michael Scott launched a peacekeeping mission and certified to the government and NNC that they signed an agreement to suspend operations in September.

But the NNC/NFG/NFA continued to give in to violence and, after six rounds of talks, the peace mission was abandoned in 1967 and a massive counter-insurgency operation was launched. In 1948, an agreement was reached between the NNC and the Indian government, which recognized the right of the Naga people to self-determination. [5] However, the hardline supporters led by Phizo gradually increased their influence on the NNC. Phizo became the fourth president of the NNC in October to November 1949, after defeating Vizar Angami of Zakhama village with a one-vote lead. [2] Under his leadership, the NNC tended to seek secession from India. THE CATCH: “Naga leaders felt that other Nagas, who live in adjacent areas, should be able to join the new state. They were informed, on behalf of the Indian government, that Articles 3 and 4 of the Constitution provided for an expansion of a state`s territory, but it was not possible for the Indian government to make any commitments on this at this stage. »