He added that an agreement signed last November to “determine the areas of maritime jurisdiction between Turkey and Libya is registered by the countries of the United Nations.” The agreement also confirmed that Turkey and Libya are maritime neighbours. The delimitation begins on the southwestern coast of Turkey, Fethiye-Marmaris-Kaa, and extends to the Libyan coast of Vonna-Tobruuk-Bordia. Turkey and the GNA also signed an agreement last year on security cooperation and military cooperation. Earlier this year, Turkey sent troops, Syrian mercenaries and other military backers to help the GNA fend off an attack by Libya`s rival eastern-based National Army and fend off the deluge of the conflict. Turkey is a member of the UN and the Libyan GNA is recognized by the international organization. Therefore, there are criticisms such as: “If there was a relationship with the regime of [Khalifa] Haftar, if Turkey signed an agreement with Haftar, it would be better” not to have a legal basis, since the GNA is a transitional government in Libya, created under the terms of the Libyan Political Agreement, a UN-led initiative signed on 17 December 2015. Under the agreement, Turkey and the UN-recognized government have seen increased cooperation in Libya. This cooperation ranges from Turkey`s offshore exploration efforts to the government`s support of the National Agreement, to the ongoing Libyan civil war (2014-present).  As the issues arising from the dispute are still evolving, the full consequences of this maritime conflict are not yet foreseeable. According to the Turkish daily Daily Sabah, the new agreement consists of the establishment of 200 nautical miles of EEZ and a facility of 18.6 nautical miles of continental shelf.  According to Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the Turkish position is that it protects its sovereign rights over the blue economy and defends its rights over the disputed area of the Mediterranean.  According to the Anadolu agency, the legality of the EEZ borders in the Mediterranean should also be determined by continental and continental data, instead of island calculations.
 It is clear that the registration of the agreement between Turkey and the Libyan GNA with the United Nations is an ambitious and encouraging signal to other coastal states for Ankara to have a say in the future development of the region`s gas and hydrocarbon reserves. While an exclusive policy can create tension and instability, inclusion and cooperation will definitely ensure a win-win outcome for all countries in this geostrategic region. There is no doubt that the current tensions in the eastern Mediterranean have been fuelled by the use of exclusive economic zones as a means of enforcing national rights to energy exploration and natural resources. This came a few months after the agreement between Turkey and Libya, when Greece responded by signing separate maritime border agreements with Egypt and Italy. “Any treaty and international agreement reached by a member of the Organization after this Charter enters into force will be registered and published by the Secretariat as soon as possible,” Article 102 states.